Rita Pankhurst :
Rita was born in Romania in 1927.
She emigrated to the UK with her parents in 1938.
she joined Richard and Sylvia in Addis Ababa. She started work at the National Library of Ethiopia. She and Richard returned to Ethiopia in 1987, leaving the children at universities in the UK. Rita now undertakes library consultancies, and edits academic books and university theses. She devotes more energy than before to voluntary work and has been, or is,Chair, United World Colleges National Committee – Ethiopia; Chair, Program Committee, Society of Friends of the Institute of Ethiopian; Board member, Ethiopian Gemini Trust.
Her publications on Sylvia and matters related to women are: "Collection development and women's heritage: the case of the Fawcett Library". Women's Studies International Forum, vol. 10 no.3, pp.225-239 (1987) “Sylvia Pankhurst in perspective: some comments on Patricia Romero’s biography E. Sylvia Pankhurst: Portrait of a Radical” in Women’s Studies International Forum, vol.11, no.3, pp.245-262 (1988) “Senedu Gabru: A role model for Ethiopian women?” in Tsehai Berhane-Selassie (ed.) Gender Issues in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies, pp. 71-87 (1991). “Women of power in Ethiopian history and legend” Salamta, vol.13 no.1, pp.25-30 (1996) “Forgotten women in Ethiopian history” CERTWID [Center for Research, Training and Information on Women in Development] Informs, vol. 6, no.2, pp.13-16 (2001)
Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst (she would later drop the first forename) was born in Manchester, a daughter of Dr. Richard Pankhurst and Emmeline Pankhurst Sylvia Pankhurst objected to entering into a marriage contract and taking a husband's namenkhurst. After the post-war liberation of Ethiopia, she became a strong supporter of union between Ethiopia and the former Italian Somaliland, and MI5's file continued to follow her activities. In 1948, MI5 considered strategies for "muzzling the tiresome Miss Sylvia Pankhurst". Pankhurst became a friend and adviser to the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie and followed a consistently anti-British stance. She moved to Addis Ababa at Haile Selassie's invitation in 1956 with her son, Richard, and founded a monthly journal, New Times and Ethiopia News, which reported on many aspects of Ethiopian life and development.
In the early 1930s, Pankhurst drifted away from communist politics, but remained involved in movements connected with anti-fascism and anti-colonialism. In 1932, she was instrumental in the establishment of the Socialist Workers' National Health Council. She responded to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia by publishing The New Times and Ethiopia News from 1936, and became a supporter of Haile Selassie. She raised funds for Ethiopia's first teaching hospital and wrote extensively on Ethiopian art and culture; her research was published as Ethiopia, a Cultural History (London: Lalibela House, 1955).
She died in Addis Ababa in 1960, aged 78, and received a full state funeral at which Haile Selassie named her "an honorary Ethiopian". She is the only foreigner buried in front of Holy Trinity Cathedral in Addis Ababa, in a section reserved for patriots of the Italian war
Ethiopian female Su-27 Pilot (Capt. Aster Tolossa)
The first female pilot in the world to have shot down an enemy aircraft in air to air combat. Lieutenant Haymanot Hailemariam is the world's first female Su-27 pilot & W/o Asegedech Asefa is the first African woman to pilot an Airplane in 1962.
Kebedech Seyoum .
She legendarily rose from childbirth after learning of her husband’s execution to become one of the Ethiopian resistance’s greatest military leaders. She’s a national hero in Ethiopia … and there’s also a Laboratorio Femminista Kebedech Seyoum in Rome, dedicated to the study of ant-fascist women.She legendarily rose from childbirth after learning of her husband’s execution to become one of the Ethiopian resistance’s greatest military leaders. She’s a national hero in Ethiopia … and there’s also a Laboratorio Femminista Kebedech Seyoum in Rome, dedicated to the study of ant-fascist women.
Taytu Betul, the Rise of an Itege
Taytu Betul (c.1851–1918), wife of Menelik (King of Shoa and later Negus Negast or King of Kings),
was a formidable queen and empress of Ethiopia. She used her exceptional intelligence to strengthenand extend her power through an adroit blend of patronage, political marriages and leadership craft. Determined to resist imperialist designs on her country, she increasingly opposed any negotiations that would result in the loss of Ethiopian territory. When diplomacy gave way to war, she rode out at the head of her own army, at her husband’s side.It was she who devised the plan which led to the Ethiopian victory at Makalle, and her presence wascrucial in the Ethiopian victory at Adwa in 1896, the most significant victory of any African army duringthe climax of European colonialism.She founded Addis Ababa, which remains Ethiopia’s capital city today, and the final decades of her reign witnessed a period of modernization, which gradually opened Ethiopia up to trade and greater technical expertise. She also provided the Ethiopian Orthodox Christian community in Jerusalem with dignified housing, and financed the construction of the dome of the impressive church Debre Genet. As her husband fell ill, she began to concentrate more and more power in her own hands. This eventually provoked public agitation against her, and forced her into retirement.
Emahoy Tsegu Mariam
A compilation of her work was issued on the Éthiopiques record label. She also appeared on The Rough Guide to the Music of Ethiopia, and The Rough Guide to African Lullabies. Her music has been described as melodic blues piano with rhythmically complex phrasing. For three decades she lived a reclusive life with only rare performances including one at the Jewish Community Center in Washington, D.C. on July 12, 2008. Three tribute concerts were held in Jerusalem in 2013 to mark her 90th birthday and a compilation of her musical scores, compiled by Israeli musician Maya Dunietz, were also published. The Emahoy Sheet Music Project which aims to publish the complete works was launched and funded on Kickstarter.
Releases 7 CDs
Tsege Mariam Gebru, (1963) Spielt Eigen Kompositionen
Reissued 2012 by Mississippi/Change Records – MRP-025
Tsege Mariam Gebru, (1963) Der Sang des Meeres
Emahoy Tsegue-Mariam Garbru (1970) The Hymn of Jerusalem/The Jordan River Song
(1972) Church of Kidane Mehret/Yet my King is from Old (HED-ARZI PRT 14318)
Emahoy Tsegué-Maryam Guèbrou (Compilation 2006) Éthiopiques Volume 21, Ethiopia Song, Buda
Sophia was born in 1942, in Addis Ababa, the daughter of Elsabeth Workeneh and Yilma Deressa, a member of the Oromo nobility of Welega province. Her father would eventually become one of the leading figures of the Ethiopian government, serving as Finance Minister (1957–1970) and Minister of Foreign Affairs (1958), Ambassador to the United States, and a member of the Ethiopian Senate.
Sophia Yilma is an Ethiopian journalist and politician. As the first female reporter for the Ethiopian Herald, Sophia was a pioneer in Ethiopian journalism and rose to occupy important positions in both the Herald and the government. Later, following the Ethiopian Revolution and Civil War, she became a senior leader of the Ethiopian Democratic Party, and is currently its Vice-President.
Growing up in the United States, to whom her father was ambassador, she attended the Georgetown Day School and the Baldwin School. She returned to Ethiopia to attend Haile Selassie I University, but dropped out to work for Ethiopian Radio, where she was inspired by other women such as broadcaster Romanework Kassahun. She then joined the Ethiopian Herald in 1961, where, at 19, she became both the newspaper's youngest and first female reporter. In 1962 she was appointed as editor of the Women's Page, making her a recognisable figure. She studied journalism for two years at the Free University of Berlin on a scholarship. Afterwards, she married the editor of the Herald, Tegegne Yeteshawork, having a son, Yared Tegegne. She became Public Relations Officer at the Ethiopian Telecommunications Office, producing their in-house magazine and leading both internal and external public relations.
Gobena was born in a small rural village called Shebel in 1938. Her father was killed during the second Ethio-Italian war, so she was raised by her grandparents until the age of nine. At the age of 10, she was married without her consent, but she ran away to the capital, Addis Ababa. There, she managed to get basic education and later worked as a quality controller at a coffee and grain company.
She went to Gishen Mariam, Wollo Province, for pilgrimage in 1973. At the time, the area was severely stricken by famine. In a feeding center, Gobena saw a child next to her dead mother. She distributed the only thing she had to other victims, a loaf of bread and five liters of holy water, and brought the child along with another orphan to her home in Addis Ababa. In one year, she brought 21 children to her home.
Today, AGOHELMA, the association she founded, provides various services in addition to the orphanage itself, including formal and non-formal education, HIV/AIDS prevention activities, habitat improvement and infrastructure development, empowerment of women, among others. Additionally, it provides institutional care for 150 orphans. Since its establishment, over 12,000 needy children have been supported by the association with over 1.5 million people having benefited either directly or indirectly from the association in different regions of the country.
Asnaketch Worku was born in the Sidist Kilo neighborhood of Addis Ababa and was raised in the city. Buying her first krar for only 25 cents, Asnaketch taught herself how to play and began performing in small bars and cabarets. She was the first actress in Ethiopia, making her debut in 1952 at the City Hall Theatre. Despite her long and distinguished career on the stage, Asnaketch is known primarily not for her career as an actress, but for her skills with the krar and her quick wit and inspired improvisations. Asnaketch worked at the National Theatre for 30 years before retiring in the 1980s. In the early 1990s she toured a couple of times in Europa. In 1995 Asnakech recorded the CD "Ende Jerusalem" for Acoustic Music in Germany with Begenna player Alemu Aga. These were her last recordings. She died on September 14, 2011 at Bete Zata Hospital in Addis Ababa.
Ambassador Kongit Sinegiorgis:
She is a pioneer diplomat who has served her country and continent with exceptional merit for 53 years . Ambassador Konjit who started her diplomatic career a year before the establishment of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) on May 25, 1963 .In the early days of her career, Ambassador Konjit served as an officer in charge of decolonization affairs in the Ethiopian Permanent Mission to the UN in New York. Later, she became Ethiopia's Permanent Representative to the OAU, and eventually to the AU, and contributed her share in the transformation OAU to the AU.
Meseret Defar Tola (Amharic: መሰረት ደፋር; born 19 November 1983) is a Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes chiefly in the 3000 metres and 5000 metresevents. She has won medals at top-tier international competitions including Olympic and World Championship gold medals over 5000 metres. She broke the world recordin the event in 2006, broke it again in 2007 and held it until 2008, when fellow Ethiopian Tirunesh Dibaba beat her time.
Defar has been successful in the 5000 m at the Olympic Games, taking gold at the 2012 London Olympics, 2004 Athens Olympics and bronze at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. She has experienced similar success in the World Championships, taking silver in 2005 Helsinki Championships and gold at the 2007 Osaka Championships.
Mesert Defar holds the indoor records for the 5000 metres, 3000 metres and two-mile run. She has dominated the 3000 m indoor event, winning four consecutive gold medals at the IAAF World Indoor Championships from 2004 to 2010. She is also a two-time champion at the All-Africa Games, a four-time medalist at the African Championships and a two-time gold medalist at the World Junior Championships.
Genzebe Dibaba Keneni ( Afaan Oromo: Ganzabee Dibaabaa; born 8 February 1991) is an Ethiopian middle- and long-distance runner. She is the sister of three-times Olympic champion Tirunesh Dibaba and Olympic silver medallist Ejegayehu Dibaba, and the cousin of former Olympic champion Derartu Tulu.
She was the 2012 World Indoor Champion for the 1500 m, and is the reigning 2014 World Indoor Champion and World Indoor Record Holder in the 3000 m. She represented Ethiopia at the 2012 Summer Olympics and has twice competed at the World Championships in Athletics (2009 and 2011). She was highly successful as a junior (under-20) athlete, having won two junior world cross country titles and one world junior 5000 m gold medal. At the 2015 World Championships in Beijing, she became World Champion in 1500 m as well as claiming the bronze medal in the 5000 m event.
She is the current world record holder for the 1500 m (both indoor and outdoor), the indoor 3000 m, the indoor 5000 m, the indoor mile, and the indoor two mile.
Derartu Tulu rose to fame and an Olympics history, when she convincingly won the women’s 10000 meters race in the Barcelona Olympics in 1992. The scene of this 23 year old Ethiopian young lady winning this race and then draping herself with the national tri-color and doing a lap has placed her in the ranks of the eternal Ethiopian heroes Abebe Bikila, Mamo Wolde and Miruts Yifter.
Dearatu was born in 1969 in the village of Bokoji in the Arsi region of central Ethiopia as a seventh child in a family of 10 children.
Derartu’s win in the 10,000 meter race in the Barcelona Olympics goes down in the History Books as the first gold-medal win ever by an African woman. Derartu is still winning races and bringing, the gold, silver and bronze medals to her people and country. In her short but on-going career, she has managed to win 35 gold, 12 silver and 15 bronze medals.
Eleni Zaude Gabre-Madhin
is an Ethiopian economist and a former Chief Executive Officer of the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX). She has had many years of experience working on agricultural markets – particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa – and has held senior positions in the World Bank, the International Food Policy Research Institute (Washington), and United Nations (Geneva). She has a PhD in Applied Economics from Stanford University, and bachelor's and master's degrees in economics from Cornell University and Michigan State University respectively. Eleni was selected as "Ethiopian Person of the Year" for the 2002 ET calendar year (2009/2010Gregorian) by the Ethiopian newspaper Jimma Times.
Mimi Alemayehou (born 1969) is a development finance executive who served as Executive Vice President of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) from March 2010 to April 2014. In June 2010, President Barack Obama nominated Alemayehou to the board of directors of the African Development Foundation.
While at OPIC, she oversaw a portfolio of approximately $16 billion invested in over 100 countries. During this time, the agency partnered with President Obama’s Power Africa Initiative, a blueprint for improving access to electricity in underdeveloped regions of Africa. In March 2014, Alemayehou testified on behalf of OPIC at the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations hearing on the Power Africa Initiative.
Prior to her position at OPIC, Alemayehou served as the United States Executive Director at the African Development Bank (AfDB), where she executed board decisions on behalf of the U.S. government. She received a Distinguished Honor Award from then-U.S. Secretary of Treasury Henry Paulson for her service in this role. Prior to the AfDB, she was founder and Managing Partner of Trade Links, LLC, a development consulting firm that worked with clients on emerging markets issues and on promoting African exports under the African Growth and Opportunity Act.
Previously, Alemayehou was with the International Executive Service Corps where she managed a multi-country trade project in Africa. She also served as a Director of International Regulatory Affairs at WorldSpace Corporation, a satellite telecommunications company focused on emerging markets.
Alemayehou is a naturalized U.S. citizen; she was born in Ethiopia and spent her early years in Kenya before immigrating to the United States. Alemayehou earned her bachelor’s degree from West Texas A&M University and holds a master’s degree in International Business and International Law and Development from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.
In December 2013, Forbes Magazine featured Alemayehou on its list of “The 20 Young Power Women in Africa 2013."
Born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to Aberra Moltot, Ethiopia's vice-minister for National Community Development and Tsadale Assamnew, a housewife, Amsale Aberra moved to Poultney, Vermont to study commercial art atGreen Mountain College when she was 19.Political upheaval in her native Ethiopia forced Amsale to stay in the United States and support herself through her undergraduate years. As financial resources were limited, Amsale began to design and sew her own clothing. For the first time Amsale considered the possibility of a career in fashion design. Aberra says that she herself never expected to be a fashion designer.
After earning her degree in political science from Boston State College, Amsale left Boston and enrolled in New York’s Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT), where she earned an associate degree in Fashion Design.
After completing her studies at FIT, Aberra went to work as a design assistant for Harvé Benard. After she worked there for two years she began her own bridal gown company. Her approach was to create stunning, simple gowns that would fit the modern woman. Her design philosophy is to take a "forever" modern approach to sophisticated design. Her designs are seen as modern but still keep in mind traditional designs, such as her use of "illusion" necklines.
In 1985, while planning her wedding, Aberra scoured the stores to find a simple, refined wedding dress. She found little in the way of clean, sophisticated gowns, and discovered an untapped niche in the bridal market. Aberra placed an advertisement for custom-made gowns and started her business out of her New York City loft apartment.
While her designs began as only wedding gowns, Aberra has expanded her line to include her regular Amsale line, Amsale Blue label (for more luxurious gowns), The Little White Dress, bridesmaid dresses, as well as cocktail dresses. Her gowns range in price from $3000 and $12000 in price. Additionally in 2003, Aberra created the Kenneth Pool label and began designing a line of dresses featuring dramatic ball gowns, luxurious fabrics and intricate beadwork. In 2005, Amsale acquired the 30-year-old Christos company. With her Christos gowns, Aberra seeks to create a more romantic feeling dress – using French laces and silk organza. In 2006, she was the third bridal designer to open a store at Madison Ave. In 2012, Amsale was the winner of The Legacy Award at Black Enterprise Women of Power Summit.
Sophia Bekele Eshete (Amharic: ሶፍያ በቀለ; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia) is a woman of Ethiopian ancestry. She is a business and corporate executive, an International entrepreneur, corporate governance and risk management specialist, international policy advisor on ICT, internet and development issues, a governance and ICT activist and philanthropist.
In 2014, Sophia Bekele has been named "Top 20 Inspirational African Diaspora Professional Women in Europe" by ADIPWE List 2014, released on 28 March 2014 for the International Women's Day, as a TechEntrepreneur in technology Transfer; "a list of African Women who have achieved phenomenal success, and inspire a new generation of African Women to share ideas to fulfill their potential to contribute to the rebranding of Africa and the development of the continent, by identifying opportunities to transfer the vast amount of knowledge gained in Europe and the rest of the Diaspora".
In 2013, Bekele was named as one of the “two leading ladies in Africa’s ICT sector” by "Bloomberg TV" and enumerated in “African Women to Watch” a prime TV program, that “celebrates the most fearless, competitive and visionary African women of our time”, and explores “the women working hard to close the gender gap and shaping the continent’s social, political and economic landscape”.
Also in 2013, Bekele was named Top “50 Trailblazers – A future made in Africa”, by the influential UK’s NewAfrican Magazine, an IC Publications group, “Collector’s Edition” which coincides with the continent’s 50th anniversary celebrations of the African Union, as those “who are realizing significant achievements in their specific field of endeavor” and features individuals who are “breaking ground, making Africa proud and propelling it into a future of great hope.”
In 2005, Bekele was presented with a Paul Harris Fellow award for her contributions in the various works of International Rotary Clubs.
In 2006, Ms. Bekele's work in Africa, noted as a representative entrepreneur, was profiled in a book published as "Africa: Continent of Economic Opportunity", By Fick, David (2006). Africa: Continent of Economic Opportunity (Paperback). STE Publishers. pp. 512 pages. ISBN 978-1-919855-59-2. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu
She is an Ethiopian businesswoman born in 1980, founder and executive director of soleRebels, Africa's fastest growing footwear company. Alemu has received a slew of honors and accolades for her business acumen, as well as her efforts to shift the discourse on Africa away from poverty alleviation by external actors and instead highlight the entrepreneurial spirit, social capitol, and vast economic potential of the continent, and Ethiopia in particular. Alemu recently launched a second company, The Republic of Leather, focusing on custom-designed sustainable luxury leather goods. Alemu was born in the Zenebework area of Addis Ababa in 1980, the eldest of four siblings. Her parents worked at a local hospital. Alemu attended public primary and secondary schools, and then went on to study accounting at Unity University, graduating in 2004.
In early 2005, fresh out of college, Alemu founded soleRebels to provide ecologically and economically sustainable jobs for her local community. The company began out of a workshop on a plot of land owned by Alemu's grandmother in Zenebework. SoleRebels has since flourished, growing to over one hundred employees, with distribution to over thirty countries worldwide, selling to market kingmakers Whole Foods, Urban Outfitters and Amazon. Franchised and company-owned stores are slated to open in Austria, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the UK. Alemu wanted to create well-paid jobs which could create sustained prosperity by utilizing the artisan talents and natural resources of Ethiopia, first and foremost. The selection of footwear as the ideal product for the company came later. Alemu found herself particularly inspired by the seleate or barabasso, the traditional recycled tire sole shoe crafted in Ethiopia, and footwear became the locus around which she chose to build the company.
On April 9, 2014, Alemu announced the creation of a new business venture, The Republic of Leather, via a blog post on the soleRebels website. In the post, Alemu identified the luxury leather goods industry as being "ripe for a total re-imagining," along similar lines to what she had accomplished with soleRebels and the footwear industry. Alemu went on to outline defining features of new company. Besides espousing the same ideals of ecological and economic sustainability as soleRebels, The Republic of Leather is centered on principles of customer choice--customer choice of the design of the product, customer choice of the artisan-producer, and customer choice of the recipient of the charitable donation--5% of the product's purchase price.
Ethiopia Habtemariam is a music industry executive.
She was born on 24 September 1979. In 1994, at the age of 14, Habtemariam began interning at LaFace Records, a label created by now Chairman and CEO of Epic Records LA Reid. This internship lasted 4 years. Shortly after, Ethiopia began working with Universal Music Group. In 2011, Habtemariam was named the Senior Vice President of Motown Records, working with artists Stevie Wonder, Erykah Badu, Ne-Yo, Kem, BJ the Chicago Kid, Stacey Barthe, and more. Billboard named Habtemariam to both their 30 Under 30 and 40 Under 40 lists. In 2013, The Hollywood Reporter’s “Women in Music” issue and Variety Magazine named the music executive to their prestigious "Women's Impact List." In 2014, Habtemariam was promoted to President of Motown Records and currently serves as the President of Motown Records and President of Urban Music/Co-Head of Creative at Universal Publishing Music Group in the United States.